IRAN - Iranian President Hassan Rouhani tried to downplay the significance of sometimes violent protests across his country that have left 12 people dead in the biggest challenge to the authority of the Tehran regime since mass demonstrations in 2009.
"Our great nation has witnessed a number of similar incidents in the past and has comfortably dealt with them. This is nothing," Rouhani said in a meeting with Iranian members of parliament on Monday.
Rouhani has called for calm as his government tries to deal with the widespread spontaneous uprising.
-- State media reported Monday that a man "creating a disturbance" shot at police with a "hunting gun," killing one officer and wounding three others, according to Ramin Mostaghim, a Los Angeles Times reporter in Tehran. The shooting happened in Najafabab, a provincial town in the center of Iran.
-- Fresh protests broke out in Tehran and other cities Monday, with amateur video showing demonstrators chanting anti-government slogans.
-- Rouhani called out Donald Trump on Monday after a series of tweets from the US President in support of the protests.
-- Russia weighed in Monday, saying the demonstrations are an "internal affair" for Iran and external interference is unacceptable.
-- US Vice President Mike Pence tweeted support for protesters Monday, saying "We will not let them down."
-- Rouhani has acknowledged that Iranians have the right to protest legally but urged national unity Monday as "the first and most important step at this stage."
-- A significant Internet outage was reported across Iran on Monday afternoon, but some users said it was working again.
-- Iran's Ministry of Information said agitators in the disturbances have been identified and arrested, and warned that people participating in illegal activities would be "seriously dealt with."
How did it all begin?
The protests were sparked by concerns about rising living costs and a stagnant economy, but developed into a broader outcry against the regime.
They are the most serious challenge to Tehran's authority since the so-called Green Movement of 2009, when millions marched in the capital to protest the re-election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. The opposition alleged the vote was rigged.
Iran has not seen the economic boost that Rouhani, who won re-election in May, had hoped would come after the nuclear deal relieved the country of sanctions and opened it up to international markets. In the spring of 2017, unemployment was 12.6%, up only slightly from 2016, according to the World Bank.
In a nod to the concerns fueling the protests, Rouhani added: "We have no bigger challenge than unemployment. Our economy requires major corrective surgery."
So far, the latest unrest is on a much smaller scale than 2009. Authorities have yet to launch a wide-ranging crackdown, as they did eight years ago, preferring instead to contain the protests locally.
Fresh protests in Tehran and other cities
Amateur videos posted on social media Monday purport to show anti-government protests for a fifth straight day. The videos showed crowds marching down the streets of different cities, including Tehran, and chanting anti-government slogans. In one video, angry protestors could be heard shouting "death to Khamenei," referring to Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran's supreme leader.
CNN cannot independently verify the veracity of the videos.
In Tehran, protesters appeared to be playing a game of cat and mouse Monday with police and security forces, according to Los Angeles Times reporter Ramin Mostaghim. He told CNN the police presence outnumbers the mostly younger protesters in the busy Azadi Street, but he saw several protesters yelling "down with the dictator" and sprinting away from police on the side streets. Mostaghim said some trash was lit on fire but police quickly extinguished it.
Demonstrations turn deadly
Iran's state broadcaster said six people were killed in the small western town of Tuyserkan on Sunday, according to Agence France-Presse (AFP).
Also on Sunday, two were shot dead in the southwestern city of Izeh, the area's local member of parliament, Hedayatollah Khademi, told the semi-official ILNA news agency. Khademi said he did not know whether the shots were fired by security officials or protesters, according to the report.
Izeh is in the oil-rich southern province of Khuzestan, just south of the Lorestan province where two other Iranians were killed in protests on Saturday evening.
The deputy governor of Lorestan province, Habibollah Khojastehpour, denied that security forces had fired any bullets, blaming "Takfiri" groups and foreign intelligence services for the clashes.
Another two people were killed Sunday in the city of Dorud after a fire engine was hijacked, the semi-official ISNA news agency reported, citing the local governor.
Reports Sunday said that as many as 200 people had been arrested in the demonstrations. Iran's Ministry of Information issued a statement Monday saying that a number of agitators in the recent recent disturbances have been identified and arrested, and it provided a telephone number for citizens to report any illegal activity to the ministry, according to the semi-official ISNA (Iranian Students News Agency). The ministry statement said more people will be arrested and warned that "they will be seriously dealt with."
Rouhani: Iranians have the right to protest legally
At a meeting with members of parliament Monday, Rouhani urged national unity, saying it "is the first and most important step at this stage." He also echoed remarks he made in a pre-recorded appeal for calm aired on state TV Sunday, saying that Iranians had the right to protest legally. "The space needs to open up for legal protest and criticism," he said.
But he drew the line at outside interference after US President Donald Trump commented on the demonstrations Sunday. Rouhani said Monday that Trump had no right to sympathize with Iran because he has previously called the Iranian people "terrorists," according to Iran's semi-official Tasnim News Agency.
In his Sunday speech, Rouhani blamed Trump for being at the root of many of Iranians' woes, saying he had been "constantly creating problems" for people in the country since the moment he entered the White House.
Russia weighed in Monday, calling the protests an "internal affair" for Iran. The Russian Foreign Ministry added that "external interference destabilizing the situation is unacceptable" and said it hopes the demonstrations "won't develop under the scenario of bloodshed and violence," state-run Russian news agencies Tass and Sputnik reported Monday.
Rouhani hinted Monday that forces outside Iran are behind the protests.
"Some said they will bring the problems inside Iran, (but) the people and the authorities will answer them," the President said, according to tweets on Rouhani's comments from the government-backed "Iran" newspaper.
He also said that his country's "progress and development has angered our enemies."
Social media sites restricted
State-run media outlet IRIB reported Sunday that officials had temporarily restricted access to social media apps Instagram and Telegram, which have been used by Iranians to share news about the protests. Iran's Minister for Communications and Technology Azari Jahromi denounced the reports as "rumors" in a post on Twitter Monday.
Social media has helped galvanize tens of thousands participating in the protests, which have taken place in towns and cities across Iran. The unrest appears to have begun with hardline agitators encouraging protests against Rouhani. But they quickly lost control of events and demonstrations have taken on a general anti-regime feel.
Monday afternoon, internet outages were reported across the country, according to Oracle's Internet Intelligence, a global research site that monitors internet activity. A CNN producer in Tehran said the internet was out for about an hour and then came back on and is currently working. The producer he spoke with people in other cities and they say they're also experiencing intermittent internet outages.
In a rare act of defiance, some protesters have even called for the resignation of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei.
In some demonstrations, women cast off their hijabs, defying the country's strict Islamic dress code. The protests have provided an opening for Iranian women to push for equal rights -- something they've been fighting for over decades.
Video shared on social media captured Iranians chanting "We don't want an Islamic Republic" and "Death to the dictator." CNN has not independently verified the authenticity of the footage, purportedly shot in the western city of Khorramabad.
Washington weighs in
US President Donald Trump voiced his support for the demonstrations in a series of tweets on Sunday. He posted: "The people are finally getting wise as to how their money and wealth is being stolen and squandered on terrorism. Looks like they will not take it any longer. The USA is watching very closely for human rights violations!"
He weighed in again on Monday, posting: "Iran is failing at every level despite the terrible deal made with them by the Obama administration. The great Iranian people have been repressed for many years. They are hungry for food & for freedom. Along with human rights, the wealth of Iran is being looted. TIME FOR CHANGE!"
Vice President Mike Pence tweeted in the same vein.
"The bold and growing resistance of the Iranian people today gives hope and faith to all who struggle for freedom and against tyranny. We must not and we will not let them down," he posted Monday.
Both as candidate and president, Trump has continuously threatened to rip up the Iran nuclear deal, agreed between Tehran, the US and other powers in 2015. In mid-January, three months after disavowing the landmark pact, Trump will again face the decision of whether to waive US sanctions, or refuse and risk blowing up the agreement.
Trump has also taken aim at Iran through his travel ban, which blocks its citizens from entering the US.