Hernia Signs and Treatment Options

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A hernia is a protrusion of tissue or an organ through an opening in the muscle or tissue holding it in place. In an abdominal hernia, a piece of the large intestine can protrude through weakened areas in the abdominal wall. The most common abdominal hernias occur in the groin and diaphragm.

Hernias can be congenital, develop over time, or occur from trauma. When portions of the abdominal wall are weak, excess pressure within the abdominal cavity can cause tissues or organs to protrude.

Common types of abdominal hernias

  • Femoral hernia: Bulge in the upper thigh
  • Hiatal hernia: Upper stomach pushes into the chest
  • Umbilical hernia: Bulge around the belly button
  • Inguinal hernia: Bulge in the groin
  • Incisional hernia: Bulge through a scar from abdominal surgery

Signs and symptoms of an abdominal hernia

  • Bulge in the abdominal or groin area
  • Burning or sharp pain in the area
  • Discomfort when lifting or bending over
  • Constipation or blood in stool
  • Feeling of fullness
  • Nausea or vomiting if bowel is obstructed

Treatment options for abdominal hernias
Treatment often depends on the severity of the condition and the location of the hernia. However, surgery is the only treatment that can permanently fix a hernia.- Physician monitoring of hernia (if small)

  • Temporary use of trusses
  • Herniorrhaphy
  • Laparoscopic surgery


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