81 state lawmakers file “friend of the court” in Amendment 3 appeal

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SALT LAKE CITY — Eighty-one members of the Utah State Legislature, including the House Speaker and Senate President, filed an amicus brief with a federal appeals court, supporting Utah’s Amendment 3.

The filing, made late Monday, was submitted in the names of 58 of the 75 sitting House members and 23 of the 29 members of the Utah Senate.

“We especially feel a profound duty to the children of the State, derived from deep historical roots and experience that confirm children are substantially benefited and best served by public endorsement and recognition of marriage as the legal union between a man and a woman as husband and wife,” the filing, written by attorney Robert Smith, states.

The filing declares that “states have a responsibility for domestic relations laws,” and the elected Utah State Legislature represents the “voice of the people.” In 2004, 66% of Utahns passed Amendment 3, which defines marriage as between a man and a woman and does not recognize anything else.

In December, a federal judge in Salt Lake City declared Amendment 3 unconstitutional, ruling that it violated gay and lesbian couples’ rights to due process and equal protection under the U.S. Constitution. For 17 days, more than 1,300 same-sex couples wed in the state until the U.S. Supreme Court granted Utah’s request for a stay pending appeal.

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver has scheduled arguments in the case on April 10.

Changing Utah’s marriage definition, the amicus brief says, could affect numerous statutes in state law, with “unintended consequences.” The filing cites some of those impacts including birth and adoption laws, divorce, legal parenthood, education, premarital counseling, and even the state’s Utah Marriage Commission.

“The purposes of Utah’s marriage law are reasoned, principled, and consistent. It is rational—even compelling—for the laws of the State to reflect a consistent recognition, endorsement and promotion of husband-wife marriage as the proper and best institution for childbearing and childrearing and the perpetuation of an ordered society,” the lawmakers state in the brief.

The filing is one of more than a dozen “friend of the court” briefs submitted Monday in support of Utah’s defense of Amendment 3, including a number of individuals and:

  • 16 Utah counties
  • The Eagle Forum
  • The Becket Fund for Religious Liberties
  • The Sutherland Institute
  • The Institute for Marriage and Public Policy
  • Concerned Women for America
  • The Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence and “27 scholars of federalism and judicial restraint.”
  • Parents and Friends of Ex-Gays and Gays
  • The National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality
  • Liberty Counsel, Inc.
  • The states of Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Indiana, Montana, Nebraska, Oklahoma and South Carolina
  • The state of Michigan

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, the National Association of Evangelicals and the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod also submitted an amicus brief on Monday.

Read that filing here.

The lawyers for three gay couples who sued, challenging Amendment 3 have until Feb. 25 to file their response to the Utah Attorney General’s first brief. Gay rights groups and others are expected to file their own amicus briefs in support around that time.



    utah’s state legislature and the mormon church have to uphold standards that are no longer coinciding with the beliefs and morals of the people living on the planet. eventually people will no longer be able to turn a blind eye to their negativity.

    • Yeshua yenny

      As does the Catholic church, and any other group that doesn’t pay taxes. This is a clear case of church IN state affairs and laws that affect us all. I honor your freedom to have your faith, but you don’t honor my freedom tp believe differently. Obviously Jen I am not referring to you personally.

  • Walter Gali (@VocalDrummer)

    “experience that confirm children are substantially benefited and best served by public endorsement and recognition of marriage as the legal union between a man and a woman as husband and wife”

    That worked out well for Josh and Susan Powell’s kids.

  • Tracy

    What happened to separation of church and state?? The courts should not be used to support or enforce religious belief. I agree with jenhowe that all religions should lose tax exempt status.Stop wasting my tax dollar. All the money being wasted here should have been used for education.

    • Coach B (@MrSelatcia)

      I wish the LDS church and its members would simply recall around 120 years ago when they were proclaiming that marraige was NOT between a man and a woman, but between a man and many women. I keep hearing them talk about how marriage has always been this way but they obviously haven’t even researched their own religion.

  • Felicia

    Fine they want it this way, no marriages for anyone. Everyone gets a Civil Union. You can get married in your church but it won’t me recognized by the state.

    No benefits of marriage for anyone. All marriages are now null and void.

  • Kelly

    My children are substantially benefiting from 2 moms. If we are concerned for the children let’s put our efforts and money helping those that are in need of food, shelter, and education.

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